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Attire[ edit ] Paris set the fashion trends for Europe and North America. Women wore dresses all day, everyday. Day dresses had a drop waist, which was a sash or belt around the low waist or hip and a skirt that hung anywhere from the ankle on up to the knee, never above.
Daywear had sleeves long to mid-bicep and a skirt that was straight, pleaded, hank hem, or tired. Jewelry was less conspicuous. Striped, plaid, or windowpane suits came in dark gray, blue, and brown in the winter and ivory, white, tan, and pastels in the summer.
Shirts were white and neckties were essential. These young, rebellious, middle-class women, labeled 'flappers' by older generations, did away with the corset and donned slinky knee-length dresses, which exposed their legs and arms.
The hairstyle of the decade was a chin-length bob, which had several popular variations. Cosmeticswhich until the s were not typically accepted in American society because of their association with prostitutionbecame, for the first time, extremely popular. She was young and fashionable, financially independent, and was an eager consumer of the latest fashions.
The magazines kept her up to date on styles, clothes, designers, arts, sports, and modern technology such as automobiles and telephones. Chaperones faded in importance as "anything goes" became a slogan for youth taking control of their subculture.
This new woman cut her hair, wore make-up, and partied. She was known for being giddy and taking risks; she was known as a flapper. New careers opened for single women in offices and schools, with salaries that helped them to be more independent. The new dress code emphasized youth: The hourglass figure was not popular anymore, whereas a slimmer, boyish body type was considered appealing.
The flappers were known for this and for their high spirits, flirtatiousness, and stereotypical recklessness when it came to their search for fun and thrills.
She was recognized for her avant-garde designs; her clothing was a mixture of wearable, comfortable, and elegant. She was the one to introduce a different aesthetic into fashion, especially a different sense for what was feminine, and based her design on new ethics; she designed for an active woman, one that could feel at ease in her dress.
She was the pioneer for women wearing pants and for the little black dresswhich were signs of a more independent lifestyle.
The changing role of women[ edit ] Map of local U. What new kinds of social and personal opportunity, for example, were offered by the changing cultures of sport and entertainment.
A generational gap began to form between the "new" women of the s and the previous generation. Prior to the 19th Amendment, feminists commonly thought women could not pursue both a career and a family successfully, believing one would inherently inhibit the development of the other.
This mentality began to change in the s, as more women began to desire not only successful careers of their own, but also families. Linda Eisenmann claims, "New collegiate opportunities for women profoundly redefined womanhood by challenging the Victorian belief that men's and women's social roles were rooted in biology.
The new ads promoted new freedoms for affluent women while also suggesting the outer limits of the new freedoms.
Automobiles were more than practical devices. They were also highly visible symbols of affluence, mobility, and modernity.
The ads, says Einav Rabinovitch-Fox, "offered women a visual vocabulary to imagine their new social and political roles as citizens and to play an active role in shaping their identity as modern women. World War I had temporarily allowed women to enter into industries such as chemical, automobile, and iron and steel manufacturing, which were once deemed inappropriate work for women.
Yet, like other women during World War I, their success was only temporary; most black women were also pushed out of their factory jobs after the war. This shifted the focus in the s to job performance to meet demand.Gender Socialization.
Society expects different attitudes and behaviors from boys and girls. Gender socialization is the tendency for boys and girls to be socialized differently. Boys are raised to conform to the male gender role, and girls are raised to conform to the female gender or role. Everything you ever wanted to know about the quotes talking about Gender in The Great Gatsby, written by experts just for you.
The American dream is one of the most important themes in The Great Gatsby. The American success story is that of hard work allowing a man to become incredibly wealthy. An Analysis of The Great Gatsby Novel 1) The Gender Role The post warworld of the s may have been discarding out moded values and customs, embracing new freedoms and attitudes.
But The Great Gatsby reveals, did not really translate into significant differences in . That doesn't quite tell you all you need to know about gender in The Great Gatsby, but it tells you a lot: Fitzgerald is no feminist, and neither, apparently, is Nick.
Questions About Gender. How does class affect the expectations for male and female behavior? Harper Lee's Pulitzer prize-winning masterwork of honor and injustice in the deep south - and the heroism of one man in the face of blind and violent hatred, available now for the first time as a digital audiobook.