How do we explain the rise of populism in the muslim world

The referendum has effectively turned into a plebiscite about diversity and tolerance vs divisiveness and hatred: How could it have come to that?

How do we explain the rise of populism in the muslim world

Executive Director kenroth Human rights exist to protect people from government abuse and neglect. Rights limit what a state can do and impose obligations for how a state must act.

Yet today a new generation of populists is turning this protection on its head. Instead of accepting rights as protecting everyone, they privilege the declared interests of the majority, encouraging people to adopt the dangerous belief that they will never themselves need to assert rights against an overreaching government claiming to act in their name.

Related Content World Report "Easy to Read" Version The appeal of the populists has grown with mounting public discontent over the status quo. In the West, many people feel left behind by technological change, the global economy, and growing inequality.

Horrific incidents of terrorism generate apprehension and fear. Some are uneasy with societies that have become more ethnically, religiously and racially diverse.

There is an increasing sense that governments and the elite ignore public concerns. In this cauldron of discontent, certain politicians are flourishing and even gaining power by portraying rights as protecting only the terrorist suspect or the asylum seeker at the expense of the safety, economic welfare, and cultural preferences of the presumed majority.

They scapegoat refugees, immigrant communities, and minorities. Truth is a frequent casualty. Nativism, xenophobia, racism, and Islamophobia are on the rise. This dangerous trend threatens to reverse the accomplishments of the modern human rights movement. In its early years, that movement was preoccupied with the atrocities of World War II and the repression associated with the Cold War.

Having seen the evil that governments can do, states adopted a series of human rights treaties to limit and deter future abuse. Protecting these rights was understood as necessary for individuals to live in dignity.

How do we explain the rise of populism in the muslim world

Growing respect for rights laid the foundation for freer, safer, and more prosperous societies. But today, a growing number of people have come to see rights not as protecting them from the state but as undermining governmental efforts to defend them. In the United States and Europe, the perceived threat at the top of the list is migration, where concerns about cultural identity, economic opportunity, and terrorism intersect.

If the majority wants to limit the rights of refugees, migrants, or minorities, the populists suggest, it should be free to do so. That international treaties and institutions stand in the way only intensifies this antipathy toward rights in a world where nativism is often prized over globalism.

It is perhaps human nature that it is harder to identify with people who differ from oneself, and easier to accept violation of their rights. People take solace in the hazardous assumption that the selective enforcement of rights is possible—that the rights of others can be compromised while their own remain secure.

You may not like your neighbors, but if you sacrifice their rights today, you jeopardize your own tomorrow, because ultimately rights are grounded on the reciprocal duty to treat others as you would want to be treated yourself.

To violate the rights of some is to erode the edifice of rights that inevitably will be needed by members of the presumed majority in whose name current violations occur.

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When populists treat rights as an obstacle to their vision of the majority will, it is only a matter of time before they turn on those who disagree with their agenda.

The risk only heightens when populists attack the independence of the judiciary for upholding the rule of law—that is, for enforcing the limits on governmental conduct that rights impose. Such claims of unfettered majoritarianism, and the attacks on the checks and balances that constrain governmental power, are perhaps the greatest danger today to the future of democracy in the West.The Rise of Populism and Extremist Parties in Europe.

2 The Spinelli Group how can we explain the loss of public confi- and world governance. The framework of the nation state no longer reflects the level.

We refer to the emerging anti-Islamic social movement in Western Europe as “anti-Islamic populism” which may be defined as an informal network of anti-Muslim groups, including electoral parties and non-party actors, whose collective identity is forged through its fierce opposition to Islam in Europe and the mainstream political establishment.

Populist candidates pit the public against the elite, building distrust in the current system by saying it is at the root of any current frustrations or discontent. Nov 10,  · Those three factors have led to a new kind of populism: not the rage of the long-marginalized poor, as is typical of left-populist governments in Latin America, for instance.

On the demand side, several recommendations to counter populism have been put forward, although the debate on this is still in its early stages. Two insights are promising. Two insights are promising. Jun 29,  · The hottest curve in economics right now helps explain the rise of China, the rise of populism in Europe and the rise of Donald Trump.

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