As John Paul II has said, across the centuries "we have constantly seen the phenomenon of groups of varying sizes being spontaneously urged on to join together, driven by a mysterious prompting of the Holy Spirit, to pursue specific charitable or spiritual purposes to meet particular needs of the Church in their time and also to cooperate in her essential and permanent mission". The development of monasticism in the first millennium, and the emergence of the mendicant Orders in the 13th century stand as evidence of the work of the laity. In the 16th century, before and after the Council of Trent, in the wake of Church reform, a vast network of lay associations was created, in which a leading part was played by the Confraternities, Oratories and the Marian Congregations.
Sustainable lighting design for libraries Prof Koli CHEN, Professor in Architecture Department, Tunghai University, Taiwan In a time when energy conservation and environmental protection are considered important, sustainable design is a major step towards sustainable development for libraries.
However, the traditional ways in which lighting is designed and implemented in most libraries do not suit the needs of a digital era in which both paper and computer screens are frequently used mediums for reading. This article addresses this issue and makes several suggestions.
Ecological Sustainability as an underrated aspect for the marketing strategy of a library has more influence on clients and on stakeholders than one would expect. Passionate library users are calling on libraries not just to provide common services but to interact with a clear green identity.
Libraries as pathways for knowledge and education are notably responsible not only to spread the idea of going or being green but to give an example as a demonstration vehicle.
Environmental sustainability can serve as part of the marketing strategy of the library as a social accountable body. Little financial input can bring effectual marketing outcome.
The paper will present examples from academic libraries of different countries from all over the world, dealing with ideas to gain recognition with a green identity that conveys an attractive market image. If you build it, will they sort it?
But for those libraries that allow food consumption in study and learning spaces, collection of compostable food scraps and compostable food receptacles is not yet the norm.
In Spring ofthe Library partnered with Campus Recycling services to conduct a hour waste audit of all trash collected on its main floor. With this much compostable waste going to the landfill each day, librarians set out to divert that waste into the existing campus composting program at Oregon State University.
Preparations included centralizing waste collections points, researching and acquiring compostable bin liners, developing educational signage and promotional materials, and even running a pre-pilot which collected 74 pizza boxes in 4 days! If you build a library composting program, students will try to use it…some more successfully than others.
This program will share lessons lived and learned on the way to developing a more sustainable way to handle compostable waste in the library learning commons. Operations and Maintenance EBOM inin addition to being awarded the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED certification, is one good example of how building a sustainable environment can support sustainable learning.
Sustainable features of the UC Merced Library include: Use of buildings materials containing recycled content e. Daylit areas maximized for comfortable work and study conditions and to further reduce energy costs. The UC Merced Library is built to support active and constructive learning through its sustainable design as an open, collaborative and welcoming learning environment.
This presentation will illustrate how the UC Merced Library as a sustainable environment supports sustainable learning for the future.
Academic libraries, as a key service unit in their parent institution, have an important role to play in supporting this mission. We argue that due to practical limitations, pursuing a green building may not be the strategic focus for many academic libraries.
Therefore, to achieve sustainability through feasible measures, academic libraries need to formulate and develop their own green strategies which manage wider sustainability issues than simply a green building.
|Immigration | feelthefish.com||Alexis de TocquevilleFrench historian The word "centralization" came into use in France in as the post- French Revolution French Directory leadership created a new government structure. The word "decentralization" came into usage in the s.|
This paper discusses how the Chinese University of Hong Kong Library CUHK Library formulates, develops and implements its green strategy and how the strategy has gradually reshaped its services.
First we offer a general discussion on how the concept of sustainability has affected services provided by academic libraries, and why green strategies are a practical and feasible approach.
The third section describes how the Library implements the green strategies in different areas, to daily operation of library offices and various services offered to the library users, as well as planning of a library extension.
Issues of evaluation are discussed and we conclude the paper with future plans. Most of the focus seems to be on the macro level of the overall building design, with only a few efforts targeting more micro-level aspects.
But too often there is little focus on sustainability efforts beyond the two poles of new building design and the recycling of consumables. It is also important to position sustainable planning and design throughout the various Library processes, with an emphasis on issues relating to the physical building and infrastructure.
Many involve cooperative endeavors between the Library and the campus Facilities Management Office and various design teams. Others come directly from user and staff suggestions, and from awareness raised through the collection of data from centralized defect reporting. Specific examples explored will range from making sustainability part of furniture tendering to establishing a Library-wide standard process for reporting building defects — both leading to an improved learning environment and an improved standard of facilities quality and care.
It is one of the most significant 21st century projects in Latvia, and it serves as a modern and multi-functional centre for culture, education and research. He has thus created an expressive form and a highly functioning body. Although the first sketches of the building were created quarter of a century ago, the building is very modern from the technical point of view, as the technical project was finalised in late s.
From the very beginning the building was designed to be as efficient and as green as possible. The heart of the building is the advanced Building Management System BMSwhich monitors and automatically adjusts the climate in the building. It controls both heating and ventilation systems, adjusting the temperature, humidity and other parameters of climate according to predefined climate profiles, which take into account both the type of the zone Staff Area, Reading Rooms, Event Spaces, Storages and other aspects, such as the season and the working hours, and responds in real-time to the changes in climate.
It is complemented by monitoring of oxygen level in high-usage areas, allowing to automatically increase the air supply during events and decrease it when the spaces are not used.
The electro motors change their working frequencies depending on the actual usage. The lighting is also managed by the BMS monitoring system, which allows, for example, to turn the lights in staff areas off as soon as they are not used.An exploration of the nature and history of capitalism.
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